Fresnel, Augustin


Fresnel, Augustin
(1788-1827)
   physicist
   Born in Chambrais (today Broglie), Augustin Fres-nel, after studying the ideas of the British physicist Tomas Young on luminescent interferences, developed, with François arago, the theory of phenomena. Fresnel also studied light refraction and made a significant presentation of his ideas to the Academy of Sciences in 1819. The creator of modern optics, he expanded on the area of the Newtonian theories of light, establishing the basis, too, for crystalline optics. He studied polarization and discovered the existence of transversal vibrations. After some resistance to his views within the scientific community, his theories were confirmed in 1950 in experiments done by léon foucault. Additionally, Fresnel developed a lighting system that considerably augmented the luminescent power of lighthouses (1821). He was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1823.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fresnel, Augustin-Jean — • Physicist; b. at Broglie near Bernay, Normandy, 10 May, 1788; d. at Ville d Avray, near Paris, 14 July, 1827 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fresnel , Augustin Jean — (1788–1827) French physicist Fresnel was born in Broglie, France, and grew up in the time of the French Revolution; by the time he was 26, Napoleon had been exiled and Louis XVIII was on the throne. At this time Fresnel was a qualified engineer… …   Scientists

  • Fresnel, Augustin-Jean — ▪ French physicist born May 10, 1788, Broglie, Fr. died July 14, 1827, Ville d Avray  French physicist who pioneered in optics and did much to establish the wave theory of light advanced by Thomas Young.       Fresnel served as an engineer in… …   Universalium

  • Fresnel,Augustin Jean — Fres·nel (frā nĕlʹ), Augustin Jean. 1788 1827. French physicist who supported the wave theory of light, investigated polarized light, and developed a compound lens for use in lighthouses. * * * …   Universalium

  • Fresnel, Augustin Jean — ► (1788 1827) Físico francés. Afianzó la teoría ondulatoria de la luz. Mejoró decisivamente la iluminación de los faros mediante la invención de las lentes escalonadas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • FRESNEL, AUGUSTIN JEAN —    French physicist, born at Broglie, Eure; as an engineer he rose to be head of the Department of Public Works at Paris; in 1825 he was elected an F.R.S. of London; he made discoveries in optical science which helped to confirm the undulatory… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Augustin Jean Fresnel — Augustin Fresnel Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fresnel. Augustin Fresnel Augustin Jean Fresnel, né le 10 mai  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Augustin-Jean Fresnel — [ogysˈtɛ̃ ʒɑ̃ fʀɛˈnɛl] (* 10. Mai 1788 in Broglie (Eure); † 14. Juli 1827 in Ville d’Avray bei Paris) war ein französischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Augustin Fresnel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Augustin Fresnel Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Augustin Jean Fresnel — [oɡysˈtɛ̃ ʒɑ̃ fʀɛˈnɛl] (* 10. Mai 1788 in Broglie (Eure); † 14. Juli 1827 in Ville d’Avray bei Paris) war ein französischer Physiker und Ingenieur, der wesentlich …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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